Knilling's Perfection Planetary Geared Peg is an innovative tuning peg providing a fine tune and “non-slip” solution for your violin, viola or cello. The 4:1 gear reduction gives the Perfection peg the precision to act as its own finetuner.
Perfection peg operation
Turning the head of a Perfection peg rotates its main central sun gear. Three planet gears are held between the sun gear and an outerring gear. As the sun gear turns the planet gears orbit around it. The motion of the planet gears rotates the shaft, which then takes up the string. The shaft turns once for every four turns of the head. The 4:1 gear reduction gives the Perfection peg the precision to act as its own finetuner.
When tuning: pressing the head of a Perfection peg inwards as you turn it stiffens the action in a gradual and crontrollable way, and this allows the peg to hold the string at tension. Like applying the brakes of a car or a bicycle: as you press the brakes you gradually slow down, come to a stop and then are locked in position by the brakes. The reverse happens when the peg head is gently pulled outward as it is turned: the action of the peg is released, becomes softer and the string is able to unwind.
To get a feel for how the pegs work: for each peg, back the peg off a couple of turns to release the string tension and several times work the head backwards and forwards a half turn each way as you applay a gentle inward pressure to the head. Do the same thing while gently pulling outwards on the head. As you try this you quickly discover how to adjust the peg for ease of turning and optimal hold. In practice, you find a setting that works for you and tend to leave it at that point.
If at some stage you find that the string is not holding, gently apply more inward pressure as you turn and this will firm the action. Conversely, if the peg becomes difficult to turn, gently pull the peg head away from the peg box as you turn and you will feel the action become easier.
Shape, weight & taper
Perfection pegs have a standard taper and fit in the same holes as standard wooden friction pegs. They have the same shape, weight and taper as a set of good ebony pegs.
The head of a Perfection peg is made either of ebony, rosewood, or ABS synthetic (the plastic often used in car bumpers). The head is attached to the central sun gear.
The section just below the head is the shank, which is made of aircraft-grade aluminium, turned, polished and anodized. When the peg is installed the shank is fixed in the peg box and remains stationary.
Concealed in the shank is a set of planetary gears that are built into and around the central shaft, and the brake which holds the gears in position against the tension of the strings. The gears are fashioned from the same toughened steel used for helicopter rotor-shafts. They are immensely strong and give the pegs their accuracy and control. They are permanently sealed, and lubricated with the grease commonly used for binocular focus assemblies.
The shaft sits below the shank and is made of anodised aluminium and Delrin industrial nylon. It's the part with the string hole through the middle. The shaft is driven by the gears and turns as the head is turned.
See the Perfection pegs planetary gear diagram.
Measuring & selecting pegs
Perfection pegs are available in a range of shank diameters to suit different instruments and peg hole sizes.
To ensure a good fit all instruments should be measured before you place an order.
Measurements should be made at the point where the peg enters the peg box on the peg head side (your luthier would make these measurements before ordering and fitting the pegs).
Measure the diameter of all the peg holes
- To make an exact measurement of the pegholes, remove the pegs and measure the diameter of the holes.
- For a good approximate measurement leave the pegs in place, use a set of calipers to measure the diameter of the existing pegs.
- Select the Perfection peg that is just larger than the largest peg hole
- Newer instruments usually suit the smaller Perfection pegs.
- Older instruments will often have larger peg holes and will need the larger pegs.
We recommend installation by a professional. Before placing your order, we recommend looking at the sizing chart for proper sizing.
These have been the best thing I added to my cello. I am not sure why, in this day and age, why these are not standard equipment on cellos. Guitars have had them for decades. All cello makers should add these at the factory and include the cost in the price of the cello. Mine keep my cello so well in tune, it is perfectly tuned for the past month. I check it with my tuner and it is right on the money. Get these, you will not be disappointed. I removed the fine tuners because they are not longer needed.
Product arrived quickly, quality as expected!
Perfection Planetary Geared Cello Pegs
These Geared Cello pegs are THE deal - they look and feel great and tuning is easy and definitely precise. My luthier wast totally on board with these pegs but recommended the PLASTIC ones over the wood ones as his experience with the wood ones revealed slippage and other minor issues over time, due to seasonal expansions/contractions . . . Do not worry AT ALL if you feel that the PLASTIC pegs won’t be as nice looking or feel as nice as the WOOD pegs - I saw the pegs in both materials and could hardly see/feel any differences! The cherry on the sundae is that they are less expensive too : ) It must also be said that you will be very VERY happy with the EXCELLENT SERVICE and friendly/polite folks at the Fiddlershop - (BTW, that’s a bona fide review of the Fiddlershop - I am in NO WAY affiliated with them - I live in the Great White North and they are WAY south of Canada in sunny and warm Pompano Beach Fla Happy Cello’ing ! P.S. I’m mechanically inclined and good with detailed instructions and tools BUT when it comes to installing these little guys, I’d HIGHLY recommend that you DO NOT TRY THIS AT HOME : ) Let a well QUALIFIED LUTHIER install your geared cello pegs FOR you!!!
They make it easier to tune
Goodbye to cranking just to get it in tune. No more cracking my wrist on hard ebony or sweaty hands of re-tries to add rosin so it won't slip 2 octaves. It helps to keep my Cello tuned. When it's out of tune it's easier to deal with.
cello 14 mm
great fit minimum reaming so far glue not needed once the new strings broke in I can easily tune up or down a smidge to dial it in every cello needs these
Fiddlershop is a small family-owned business located in South Florida. Since 2012 we have been serving the string community with quality instruments and accessories. We believe that music and instruments should be accessible to everyone at a price they can afford.