Anatomy of the Violin and Bow

Anatomy of the Violin & Bow

By Joseph Capalbo - If you are a current violinist or interested in learning how to play the violin, knowing all of the parts associated with the instrument is usually the first thing to learn. To know the anatomy of the violin is to know the language of the instrument, which will help you learn it quicker and be able to maintain proper care of your instrument.


The scroll is located at the top of the instrument. It usually has a carved design.


The pegbox -- located between the scroll and the neck -- is where the tuning pegs are to tune your instrument.


The neck of the violin is the long wooden piece located between the pegbox and the body of the instrument. Usually it is a small piece of wood where you press your fingers to produce notes on the instrument. Unlike many other stringed instruments, the neck of a violin is a black piece of wood that doesn't have fret bars to indicate where to place your fingers. Many beginners like to use fret indicators like this to help them start off. 


The body of the violin is the large hourglass shaped wooden part. It is responsible for most of the resonance from the violin. The body is made from a variety of different types of wood, which will affect the sound that the instrument produces. 


The F-holes are the sound holes of the violin, allowing the instrument to project a nice resonant tone as you play. They are usually designed symmetrically across from each other on the body of the violin. The sound of a violin resonates throughout the entire soundboards of the violin with the F-holes allowing the boards to vibrate freely, and let sound waves travel outside of the instrument.

Chin Rest

The Chinrest -- usually made of ebony, rosewood, boxwood, or plastic -- attaches to the body of a violin to assist the positions of the violinist's jaw or chin on the instrument. If you need a new violin chin rest for your prized instrument, browse our assortment of comfortable and ergonomically-correct pads that promote proper alignment at all times and are crafted to match the beautiful contours and subtle hues of a standard violin. Available in several sizes to pair perfectly with your instrument and offered in a range of densities to match those with various jaw compositions. So, whether you’re looking for a simple Dresden chinrest with a modest contour, an English/Hill model with a flat profile, an SAS chinrest for an original, classic look, a hypoallergenic model to promote irritation-free playing, or anywhere in-between, you’ll find your ideal unit today - only at Fiddlershop.


The primary function of a tailpiece is to connect the strings to your instrument.The right tailpiece can make the instrument more responsive, easier to play, and more resonant. Browse through these sleek and sophisticated violin tailpieces that are available in several lengths to allow for customization of tone and sound projection in your violin - certainly noticeable to the trained ear of an experienced violinist. Whether you require a standard Hill style violin tailpiece with built in fine tuners, a professional high-grade acoustical “Harp” violin tailpiece, a carbon composite unit for a contemporary look, or even a French model tailpiece in either ebony or rosewood, you’ll find these and more at Fiddlershop. For more information about these precision-engineered tailpieces, contact our dedicated support staff below directly!


The bridge of the violin supports the strings in their position and transmits the vibrations to the body of the violin for amplification. They can be made from various types of woods but are typically made from maple. You can read more about violin bridges in our Guide to Violin Bridges here

Sound Post

The sound post is a dowel inside the body of the instrument, spanning the space between the top and back plates of the violin held in by friction. Watch Fiddlerman demonstrate how to remove or set a soundpost in a violin here.

The Parts of a Violin Bow

At Fiddlershop, we stock an extensive range of violin bows for sale. Our violin bows range from fiberglass bows that are durable and affordable for beginners to chocolate Pernambuco bows personally inspected by our experienced Luthier. We also have a full supply of basic Brazilwood bows; high-grade carbon fiber composite violin bows; bows made of Ipe, Sandalwood; and carbon fiber/premium wood hybrid bows. We carry violin bows for sale from top brands including Holstein, Presto, Glasser, and JonPaul. Whether you play classical, folk, jazz, or rock, and prefer a round or octagonal bow, we can help you find the best bow for your style. We're happy to discuss how to select the ideal bow with strength and good camber, perfectly balanced for you from tip to frog to produce broad, focused sound with speed, power, balance, and optimal resistance. We can help you play with perfect confidence without thinking about your violin bow. Contact us through the message below or give us a call!


The hair is the material of the bow that touches the violin strings to produce sound It is typically made out of horse hair or a synthetic material. In order for the violin to produce a sound, you have to make sure that the hair of the bow is well rosined. Violin rosin is designed to boost friction on stringed instruments and improve the tonal sound qualities when the bow string meets the instrument's strings. Without rosin, the strings “speak” without clear articulation, and tones will be flat, muted, or simply unpleasing to the ear. You can learn more on how to rosin your bow here. carries a wide away of rosin that you can find here. Not sure which one to choose? Simply call us and we’ll help you select the perfect violin rosin for your playing style and budget. Once you do, we’ll ship to your front door and help you quickly improve the playability and performance of your prized instrument. Order today and see just how important violin bow rosin is to maximizing your playing ability.


The frog, located towards the bottom of the bow, is the part that the violinist holds.

*We would recommend to check out the new and improved Fiddlerman Carbon Fiber Bow. If you have purchased any beginner or intermediate violin outfits, try upgrading to the new Fiddlerman Carbon Fiber Weave Violin Bow or Fiddlerman Hybrid Violin Bow.* 

This video shows a great example of how big the difference can be between a good and bad violin bow stick. Even though these two bows are the same model from the same wood selection, made at the same workshop and even by the SAME MAKER, there's a huge difference in vibrations they produce!!


Please contact Fiddlershop via our chat system, or 
(954) 530-5999 if you have any questions. We're always happy to assist! :)

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